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The Nile Lechwe (Kobus megaceros) is a mid-sized African ungulate featured in the Wetlands Animal Pack DLC for Planet Zoo.

Zoopedia Description

General

Population In Wild: 4,300 (estimated)
The Nile lechwe (or Kobus megaceros) is a species of ungulate native to the marshes and swamps of South Sudan and Ethiopia. They exhibit a high level of sexual dimorphism: male Nile lechwes are larger than females, with a length of 5.3ft to 6ft, shoulder height of 3.3ft to 3.5ft and weight of 198lb to 264lb. They have long ridged horns and their coat is of a dark brown color, with white markings on the shoulders, face and legs. The male's neck is covered with longer, bushy hairs. Conversely, female Nile lechwes do not have horns and have a much lighter tan colored coat. Females measure 4.3ft to 5.6ft in length, stand 2.6ft to 2.8ft tall at the shoulder and weigh between 132lb and 198lb.

Nile lechwe are found in only two relatively small and fragmented areas and are considered an endangered species. It proves difficult to enact protection efforts as they live in areas of civil and political instability, as such hunting and habitat fragmentation continue to threaten the species despite their protection status.

Social

Nile lechwes, like most antelopes, live in herds, which can be composed of several group types: groups of females and their offspring, male bachelor groups, or breeding harems where a dominant male gathers multiple receptive females. Solitary dominant males tend to protect a territory against other males and pursue any female passing through in the hopes of mating with them.

Reproduction

Most matings occur between a dominant male and females grazing on his territory, though bachelor males may also occasionally manage to secure a mate. Generally the territorial males will chase off any bachelor males, or engage in short, violent fights with rivals if necessary. To initiate mating, the male will urinate on his neck, and attempt to rub his beard on a receptive female's head or rump, Should she allow this, he will mount her to mate.

Pregnancies last between 7 and 9 months, after which the female gives birth to a single calf. For the first week of its life, the calf will exclusively feed on milk and then begin eating young grasses. Weaning is complete by 5 to 6 months old, by which time the mother can already be pregnant again.

Calves may be independent of their mothers as early as 6 months old and migrate to a different group or even herd at this point, though they reach sexual maturity later in life, at around 2 years old. Males are however unlikely to mate at this age, growing stronger until they are able to guard territory of their own.

Animal Care


PREFERRED OBJECTS

Hay · Herbivore Pellets · Vitamin and Mineral Supplements

FEEDING STATIONS
Food Trough · Water Bowl · Water Pipe · Water Trough

FOOD ENRICHMENT
Grazing Ball Feeder · Hanging Grazer Feeder · Scarecrow Feeder · Small Barrel Feeder

HABITAT ENRICHMENT
Grab Ball · Herb Scent Marker · Rubbing Pillar · Scratching Tree

COMPATIBLE ANIMALS

IconAfricanBuffalo.png IconCommonOstrich.png IconReticulatedGiraffe.png

Trivia

Zoopedia Facts

  • The horns of male Nile Lechwes can grow up to 34.8in long.
  • Juvenile male Nile Lechwes look similar to females, except for their developing horns. As they age, they develop their darker coat with the characteristic white patches.
  • In the wild, warble flies can parasitize Nile Lechwe calves, leading to relatively high mortality as the larvae feed on tissue under the skin and can cause infections.
  • As the live close to bodies of water and spend long periods grazing on aquatic plants, Nile Lechwes are a key prey species for crocodiles.
  • Nile Lechwes are also known as Mrs. Gray's Lechwe, after Maria Emma Gray, the wife of John Edward Gray, a keeper at the British Museum. who also proposed to classify the species as 'Kobus maria'.

Gallery

ANIMAL NAVIGATION
STANDARD: HABITAT
AardvarkAfrican BuffaloAfrican Savannah ElephantAfrican Wild DogAldabra Giant TortoiseAmerican BisonBactrian CamelBaird's TapirBengal TigerBlack WildebeestBongoBonoboBornean OrangutanCheetahChinese PangolinCommon OstrichCommon WarthogFormosan Black BearGalapagos Giant TortoiseGemsbokGharialGiant PandaGreater FlamingoGrizzly BearHimalayan Brown BearHippopotamusIndian ElephantIndian PeafowlIndian RhinocerosJapanese MacaqueMandrillNile MonitorNyalaOkapiPlains ZebraPronghorn AntelopeRed PandaRed Ruffed LemurReticulated GiraffeRing Tailed LemurSable AntelopeSaltwater CrocodileSiberian TigerSnow LeopardSpotted HyenaSpringbokTimber WolfWest African LionWestern ChimpanzeeWestern Lowland Gorilla
ANNIVERSARY UPDATE
Black-and-White Ruffed Lemur
STANDARD: EXHIBIT
Amazonian Giant CentipedeBoa ConstrictorBrazilian Salmon Pink TarantulaBrazilian Wandering SpiderCommon Death AdderEastern Brown SnakeGiant Burrowing CockroachGiant Desert Hairy ScorpionGiant Forest ScorpionGiant Tiger Land SnailGila MonsterGolden Poison FrogGoliath BeetleGoliath BirdeaterGoliath FrogGreen IguanaLehmann's Poison FrogLesser Antillean IguanaMexican Red Knee TarantulaPuff AdderTitan BeetleWestern Diamondback RattlesnakeYellow Anaconda
DELUXE EDITION
Komodo DragonPygmy HippoThomson's Gazelle
ARCTIC PACK
Arctic WolfDall SheepPolar BearReindeer
SOUTH AMERICA PACK
Colombian White-Faced Capuchin MonkeyGiant AnteaterJaguarLlamaRed-Eyed Tree Frog
AUSTRALIA PACK
DingoKoalaRed KangarooSouthern CassowaryEastern Blue Tongued Lizard
AQUATIC PACK
Cuvier's Dwarf CaimanGiant OtterGrey SealKing PenguinDiamondback Terrapin
SOUTHEAST ASIA ANIMAL PACK
BinturongClouded LeopardDholeMalayan TapirNorth Sulawesi BabirusaProboscis MonkeySun BearGiant Malaysian Leaf Insect
AFRICA PACK
African PenguinFennec FoxMeerkatSouthern White RhinocerosSacred Scarab Beetle
NORTH AMERICA ANIMAL PACK
American AlligatorArctic FoxBlack-Tailed Prairie DogCalifornia Sea LionCougarMooseNorth American BeaverAmerican Bullfrog
EUROPE PACK
Alpine IbexEurasian LynxEuropean BadgerEuropean Fallow DeerFire Salamander
WETLANDS ANIMAL PACK
Asian Small-Clawed OtterCapybaraNile LechwePlatypusRed-Crowned CraneSpectacled CaimanWild Water BuffaloDanube Crested Newt
CONSERVATION PACK
Amur LeopardAxolotlPrzewalski's HorseScimitar-Horned OryxSiamang
For the main article, see here.
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