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The American Bison, more specifically the Plains Bison (Bison bison bison), is a large North American ungulate featured in the Standard Edition of Planet Zoo.

Zoopedia Description[]

General[]

Population in the Wild: 80,000 wild

The American plains bison (or Bison bison bison) is a large ungulate native to the USA and Canada. Bison are characterized by their large head, should hump and forequarters, all of which are covered in a shaggy coat. Their hind-quarters are comparatively less muscled with a thinner coat. Both sexes have horns are similar in size, but males are much heavier due to having more muscle.

Bison are not currently endangered but were hunter to near extinction in the 19th century, with the original, pre-colonization population of 50 million being reduced to just 1000. The species was offered widespread protection in the early 20th century, and captive breeding programs, followed by reintroduction, brought the species back from the brink of dying out. Currently, the bison population is stable but is still threatened by habitat loss, as well as the risk of reduced genetic diversity due to their near extinction and subsequent artificial selection, which occurred through the domestication of the species.

Social[]

Bison live in herds with multiple social dynamics, which can range in size from 15 to 400 individuals. Females live in interrelated groups with their offspring, while young males live in bachelor herds until they reach full growth at around 6 years old, at which point they will become a solitary dominant bull.

Reproduction[]

During the mating season, bulls will attempt to join female groups and tend the individual females, preventing other males from getting too close. A dominant bull is more likely to succeed in this task; consequently they will also have the chance to mate with more females. The mother will be pregnant for an average of 285 days, giving birth to a single calf. Female calves stay with their mother's herd for their entire lives, whereas males leave at between the ages of 2 and 3, joining a bachelor herd until they are old and strong enough to become a solitary dominant bull.

Animal Care[]

PREFERRED OBJECTS

Hay · Herbivore Pellets · Fruit and Vegetables

FEEDING STATIONS
Food Trough · Water Pipe · Water Trough

FOOD ENRICHMENT
Grazing Ball Feeder · Hanging Grazer Feeder · Large Barrel Feeder

HABITAT ENRICHMENT
Grab Ball · Herb Scent Marker · Ice Block · Large Ball · Mud Bath · Rubbing Pillar · Skittle · Large Snow Ball · Snowman Skittle Enrichment · Scots Pine/Tamarind Scratching Tree

COMPATIBLE ANIMALS

IconBlackTailedPrairieDog IconCollaredPeccary IconPronghornAntelope

Trivia[]

Zoopedia Fun Facts[]

  • The bison is the largest land animal in North America.
  • Bison can run 35mph when charging at full speed.
  • Bison have poor eyesight but have excellent hearing and sense of smell.
  • Male calves born earlier in the breeding season are more likely to grow up to become a dominant bull.
  • Bison have been observed rubbing themselves against strong smelling trees such as cedar and pine, believed to be a deterrent to biting insects.

Other Trivia[]

  • In the 1.7 Update the American Bison got the Taiga tag.
  • The American Bison is the national animal of the United States.

Gallery[]


ANIMAL NAVIGATION
STANDARD: HABITAT
AardvarkAfrican BuffaloAfrican Savannah ElephantAfrican Wild DogAldabra Giant TortoiseAmerican BisonBactrian CamelBaird's TapirBengal TigerBlack WildebeestBongoBonoboBornean OrangutanCheetahChinese PangolinCommon OstrichCommon WarthogFormosan Black BearGalapagos Giant TortoiseGemsbokGharialGiant PandaGreater FlamingoGrizzly BearHimalayan Brown BearHippopotamusIndian ElephantIndian PeafowlIndian RhinocerosJapanese MacaqueMandrillNile MonitorNyalaOkapiPlains ZebraPronghorn AntelopeRed PandaRed Ruffed LemurReticulated GiraffeRing Tailed LemurSable AntelopeSaltwater CrocodileSiberian TigerSnow LeopardSpotted HyenaSpringbokTimber WolfWest African LionWestern ChimpanzeeWestern Lowland Gorilla
ANNIVERSARY UPDATES
Black-and-White Ruffed LemurCollared PeccaryRed Deer
STANDARD: EXHIBIT
Amazonian Giant CentipedeBoa ConstrictorBrazilian Salmon Pink TarantulaBrazilian Wandering SpiderCommon Death AdderEastern Brown SnakeGiant Burrowing CockroachGiant Desert Hairy ScorpionGiant Forest ScorpionGiant Tiger Land SnailGila MonsterGolden Poison FrogGoliath BeetleGoliath BirdeaterGoliath FrogGreen IguanaLehmann's Poison FrogLesser Antillean IguanaMexican Red Knee TarantulaPuff AdderTitan BeetleWestern Diamondback RattlesnakeYellow Anaconda
DELUXE EDITION
Komodo DragonPygmy HippoThomson's Gazelle
ARCTIC PACK
Arctic WolfDall SheepPolar BearReindeer
SOUTH AMERICA PACK
Colombian White-Faced Capuchin MonkeyGiant AnteaterJaguarLlamaRed-Eyed Tree Frog
AUSTRALIA PACK
DingoKoalaRed KangarooSouthern CassowaryEastern Blue Tongued Lizard
AQUATIC PACK
Cuvier's Dwarf CaimanGiant OtterGrey SealKing PenguinDiamondback Terrapin
SOUTHEAST ASIA ANIMAL PACK
BinturongClouded LeopardDholeMalayan TapirNorth Sulawesi BabirusaProboscis MonkeySun BearGiant Malaysian Leaf Insect
AFRICA PACK
African PenguinFennec FoxMeerkatSouthern White RhinocerosSacred Scarab Beetle
NORTH AMERICA ANIMAL PACK
American AlligatorArctic FoxBlack-Tailed Prairie DogCalifornia Sea LionCougarMooseNorth American BeaverAmerican Bullfrog
EUROPE PACK
Alpine IbexEurasian LynxEuropean BadgerEuropean Fallow DeerFire Salamander
WETLANDS ANIMAL PACK
Asian Small-Clawed OtterCapybaraNile LechwePlatypusRed-Crowned CraneSpectacled CaimanWild Water BuffaloDanube Crested Newt
CONSERVATION PACK
Amur LeopardAxolotlPrzewalski's HorseScimitar-Horned OryxSiamang
TWILIGHT PACK
Common WombatEgyptian Fruit BatRaccoonRed FoxStriped Skunk
GRASSLANDS ANIMAL PACK
Blue WildebeestCaracalCloudless SulphurEmuEuropean PeacockManed WolfMenelaus Blue MorphoMonarchNine-Banded ArmadilloOld World SwallowtailRed-Necked WallabyStriped Hyena
TROPICAL PACK
Asian Water MonitorBrown-throated SlothFossaLar GibbonRed River Hog
ARID ANIMAL PACK
AddaxAfrican Crested PorcupineBlack RhinocerosDama GazelleDesert Horned ViperDromedary CamelSand CatSomali Wild Ass
OCEANIA PACK
Little PenguinNorth Island Brown KiwiQuokkaSpectacled Flying FoxTasmanian Devil
EURASIA ANIMAL PACK
Hermann's TortoiseMute SwanSaigaSloth BearTakinWild BoarWisentWolverine
BARNYARD ANIMAL PACK
AlpacaAlpine GoatAmerican Standard DonkeyHighland CattleHill Radnor SheepSussex ChickenTamworth Pig
For the main article, see here.
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