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The African Penguin (Spheniscus demersus) is a small African bird featured in the Africa Pack DLC for Planet Zoo.


Zoopedia Description

General[]

Population in the Wild:41,700

The African penguin is a flightless bird that inhabits the coastline and islands of South Africa and Namibia. The African penguin has a black back and flippers, black feet, and a black face ´mask´ with white surrounding it. It also has a white torso with a black strap across the upper chest. The eyes of the African penguin are surrounded by pink patches which are used in thermoregulation. Each penguin has a unique pattern of black spots on its chest. African penguins are 60 to 68cm in size and weigh between 2.2 and 3.5kg. Males are slightly larger than females and have a longer beak.

The African penguin is an endangered species with multiple factors contributing to its vulnerability. Historically, their eggs were heavily poached and their nest sites were often disturbed, although now there are conservation efforts in place to prevent this. They are also vulnerable to oil spills and their food sources are being depleted due to overfishing. It is estimated that conservation efforts have helped their population recover by 20% since 1968, though their population is currently declining and the African penguin may become extinct within 15 to 20 years.

Social[]

African penguins are social animals and when not foraging at sea, they live in extremely large colonies of many thousands of mated pairs.

Reproduction[]

During the breeding season, African penguins will come ashore. Males arrive onshore 4 days before females. They will use these 4 days to locate a nest site with which to impress a female. They build nests out of pebbles, guano, and other debris.

African penguins mate for life, so when females arrive, previously mated pairs will locate each other with specific calls. Unattached females will move amongst the males. Males will attempt to attract females with vocalizations, neck swinging displays, and showing off their nest site.

When a male has attracted a female, they will solidify their bond vocalizing together and entwining their necks. Copulation is initiated by the penguins bowing to each other. The female will lay 2 eggs in the nest 3 weeks after mating. The male and female will incubate the egg for 40 days, taking it in turns to hunt during this time

Animal care

Modèle:PreferredObjectsModèle:Compatible


Trivia

Zoopedia Fun Facts[]

  • African penguin eggs were seen as delicacy up until the 1970s; this contributed to the species' decline.
  • African penguins are preyed upon by sharks and fur seals in the ocean and kelp gulls, mongoose, cape genets and domestic cats and dogs on land.
  • The African penguin is also known as the Jackass penguin due to its donkey-like cry.
  • Penguin faeces, called guano, is an extremely effective fertilizer, but humans harvesting it disturbs the nest sites of African penguins and removes one of the main materials penguins use to build their nests.
  • African penguins cannot hunt while moulting as their feathers are not yet waterproof, so they fast until their plumage has fully grown in. Moulting takes 3 weeks and penguins lose 50% of their bodyweight in this time.


Gallery



NAVIGATION
Pour la liste complète, voir Ici.
PACK AFRIQUE
Manchot du Cap · Fennec · Suricate · Scarabée sacré · Rhinocéros blancs du Sud
PACK ASIE DU SUD-EST
Babiroussa · Binturong · Dhole · Nasique · Ours malais · Panthère nébuleuse · Phyllie géante de Malaisie · Tapir de Malaisie
PACK AQUATIQUE
Caïman nain · Loutre géante · Manchot royal · Phoque gris · Tortue diamant
PACK AUSTRALIE
Casoar à casque · Dingo · Kangourou roux · Koala · Scinque à langue bleue
PACK AMÉRIQUE DU SUD
Lama · Rainette aux yeux rouges · Sapajou capucin · Tamanoir
PACK ARCTIQUE
Loup arctique · Mouflon de Dall · Ours polaire · Renne
ÉDITION DELUXE
Dragon de Komodo · Gazelle de Thomson · Hippopotame nain
ÉDITION STANDARD (HABITAT)
Antilope d'Amérique · Autruche d'Afrique · Bison d'Amérique du Nord · Bonobo · Buffle d'Afrique · Chameau de Bactriane · Chimpanzé verus · Crocodile marin · Flamant rose · Gavial du Gange · Girafe réticulée · Gnou noir · Gorille des plaines de l'Ouest · GrizzlyGuépard · Hippopotame · Hippotrague noir · Hyène tachetée · Jaguar · Loup gris · Lycaon · Lémur catta · Macaque japonais · Mandrill · Nyala · Okapi · Orang-outan de Bornéo · Oryctérope du Cap · Oryx gazelle · Ours Isabelle · Ours noir de Taïwan · Panda géant · Panda roux · Pangolin de Chine · Panthère des neiges · Paon bleu · Phacochère commun · Rhinocéros indien · Springbok · Tapir de Baird · Tigre de Sibérie · Tigre du Bengale · Tortue géante des Galápagos · Tortue géante des Seychelles · Varan du Nil · Vari roux · Zèbre des plaines · Éléphant d'Afrique · Éléphant indien
ÉDITION STANDARD (VIVARIUM)
Anaconda jaune · Araignée Bananière · Blatte rhinocéros · Boa constricteur · Crotale diamantin de l'Ouest · Escargot tigre · Grenouille goliath · Grenouille vénéneuse de Lehmann · Iguane des Petites Antilles · Iguane vert · Kokoï de Colombie · Monstre de Gila · Mygale à pattes rouges · Mygale de Leblond · Mygale saumonée · Scarabée goliath · Scolopendre géante · Scorpion forestier géant · Scorpion velu du désert · Serpent brun · Titan · Vipère de la mort · Vipère heurtante




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